Правила чтения в английском языке

Чтение гласных букв

Алфавитное название буквы

В конце слова

гласная согласная гласная + r гласная +r +e (+ согласная)

I

II

III

IV

А а [ ei ]

[ ei ] take, plane [ æ ] cat, bad [ a: ] car [ εə ] care

O o [ ou ]

[ ou ] rose, nose [ o ] dog, box [ o: ] for, sort [ o: ] more, store

U u [ ju: ]

[ ju: ] use, tube [ Λ ] cup, bus [ ə: ] fur, turn [ uə ] sure, pure

E e [ i: ]

[ i: ] Pete [ e ] pet [ ə: ] her [ iə ] here

I i / Y y [ ai / wai ]

[ ai ] Mike, pine
[ ai ] fly
[ i ] pig, big
[ i ] system
[ɜ:] girlfir, myrtle [ aiə ] tyre

 Чтение гласных буквоcочетаний

oo [ u ] look, book, cook, good, foot
[ u: ] pool, school, Zoo, too
ee [ i: ] see, bee, tree, three, meet
ea [ i: ] tea, meet, eat, read, speak, clean, please
BUT: [ e ] bread, head, breakfast, healthy
au [ ei ] away, play, say, may ,today
ey grey, they

Чтение согласных буквосочетаний

ck [ k ] black, stick
ng [ ŋ ] sing, bring, ring, reading
sh [ ∫ ] she, shop, fish
ph [ f ] phone, photograph
[ v ] nephew
th [ ð ] this, that, the
[ θ ] thank, thick
[ t ] Thames
wh [ w ] when, white, why
Исключение: [ h ] who
kn [ n ] know, knife
wr [ r ] write, wrong
gh [ f ] enough
[ - ] high
gn [ n ] sign
ss [ s ] possible
[ ∫ ] pressure
sc [ sk ] screen
[ s ] scene
nk [ ŋk ] think
ch [ t∫ ] chess
[ k ] chemistry
[ ∫ ] machine
tch [ t∫ ] match
qu [ kw ] question

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